USCIS using fake profiles in social media to track your activity: report

Screenshot from The Guardian
Screenshot from The Guardian


In today’s digital age, our online presence plays a significant role in various aspects of our lives. However, what if I told you that government agencies, including U.S. immigration authorities, may use your social media presence against you? In this article, we will discuss recent developments regarding the use of fake profiles by government agencies to monitor individuals’ activities online. We will explore how this surveillance can affect your immigration processes, such as obtaining a Green Card (including EB2 NIW and EB1A), a visa, or even naturalization, and provide insights into protecting your interests.

USCIS uses fake profiles to monitor your online activity

Even though this is a topic that has been discussed for a while, recent news has shed light on how U.S. immigration agencies employ fake social media profiles to track individuals’ online activity. These agencies, including the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and Customs and Border Protection (CBP), utilize these profiles for a wide range of operations, including assessing individuals seeking immigration benefits. These benefits encompass various categories, from nonimmigrant visas such as F or H1B, to green card applications and adjustment of status processes.

The Guardian’s Report

A recent article from The Guardian highlighted the use of fake social media profiles by U.S. immigration authorities. These profiles are utilized to surveil social media activity and gather information that can be used to identify inconsistencies when individuals seek immigration benefits. This practice raises concerns about privacy invasion and its potential consequences for applicants and civil groups are already taking action on them.

Data collection and its Implications on visa applicants

Government officers, particularly those affiliated with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), can access a vast array of data through these fake accounts. This data includes physical addresses, relationship information, employment history, educational background, affiliations, and even social media posts that contradict information provided in an application. The implications of this data collection are significant, and it can negatively impact your immigration status.

Examples of how social media can affect your immigration process

To better understand the consequences of this surveillance, consider the following scenarios:

  1. Misrepresentation: If you file an immigration petition stating your intent to work in a specific field or establish a particular business endeavor and then engage in unrelated activities after obtaining a Visa or Green Card, it can lead to trouble during future immigration processes. For example, in the EB-1A green card category one must prove that he or she intends to continue working on their area of extraordinary ability. The same goes for EB-2 NIW, because the applicant has to describe the proposed endeavor in the US. If USCIS of State Department can gather online information showing other types of work activity, this may be seen as a red flag.
  1. Violation of Visa Terms: Holding an H1 Visa, for instance, requires strict adherence to your employer’s terms. If you engage in unauthorized employment on the side, it violates the terms and conditions of your Visa, potentially jeopardizing your immigration status. These agencies can detect your side hustle if you post about it online, be it Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, or Youtube, to name a few platforms. Sometimes having a YouTube channel can already be seen as a form of work, and may throw a real obstacle in your future admissions to the country or immigration processes, including obtaining citizenship down the line.

Protecting Your Immigration Interests

Given the potential risks associated with your social media presence, it is essential to take proactive steps to safeguard your immigration goals:

  • Exercise Caution: Think twice before posting content that may raise concerns or contradict information in your immigration application.
  • Genuine Marital Relationship: Ensure that your marital relationship, if part of your immigration application, is legitimate and well-documented. USCIS and other agencies can easily detect that a marriage is not bona fide by looking at your public information on social media platforms.
  • Delete Problematic Content: Regularly review your social media accounts and remove any content that could be detrimental to your immigration status.
  • Control Your Narrative: Be mindful of what you share online and how it may be perceived by immigration authorities.
  • Stay Informed: Keep up with changes in immigration policies and practices to adapt your online behavior accordingly.


Your online presence can have a substantial impact on your immigration journey. Government agencies now have the means to access and scrutinize your social media activity, potentially affecting your immigration benefits and status. By taking precautions, being aware of the implications, and exercising discretion online, you can better protect your interests and ensure a smoother immigration process.


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